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One Size Fits All

今日は、サンド・バギーの事故で早逝したFrank O'hara の詩です。
     
     To the film industry in crisis

Not you, lean quarterlies and swarthy periodicals
with your studious incursions toward the pomposity of ants,
nor you, experimental theatre in which Emotive Fruition
is wedding Poetic Insight perpetually, nor you,
Promenading Grand Opera, obvious as an ear (though you
are close to my heart), but you, Motion Picture Industry,
it's you I love!

In times of crisis, we must all decide again and again whom we love.
And give credit where it's due: not to my starched nurse, who taught me
how to be bad and not bad rather than good (and has lately availed
herself of this information), not to the Catholic Church
which is at best an oversolemn introduction to cosmic entertainment,
not to the American Legion, which hates everybody, but to you
glorious Silver Screen, tragic Technicolor, amorous Cinemascope,
stretching Vistavision and startling Stereophonic Sound, with all
your heavenly dimensions and reverberations and iconoclams! To
Richard Barthelmess as the "tol'able" boy barefoot and in pants,
Jeanette MacDonald of the flaming hair and lips and long, long neck,
Sue Carroll as she sits for eternity on the damaged fender of a car
and smiles, Ginger Rogers with her pageboy bob like a sausage
on her shuffling shoulders, peach-melba-voiced Fred Astaire of the feet,
Eric von Strohnheim, the seducer of mountain-climbers' gasping spouses,
the Tarzans, each and every one of you (I cannot bring myself to prefer
Johnny Weissmuller to Lex Baxter, I cannot!), Mae West in furry sled
her bordello radiance and bland remarks, Rudolph Valentino of the moon,
its crushing passions, and moonlike, too, the gentle Norma Shearer,
Miriam Hopkins dropping her champagne glass off Joel MacCrea's yatch
and crying in the dappled-sea, Clark Gable rescuing Gene Tierney
from Russia and Allan Jones rescuing Kitty Carlisle from Harpo Marx,
Cornel Wilde coughing blood on the piano keys while Merle Oberon berates,
Marilyn Monroe in her little spike heels reeling through Niagara Falls,
Joseph Cotten puzzling and Orson Wells puzzled and Dolores del Rio
eating orchids for lunch and breaking mirros, Gloria Swanson reclining,
Jean Harlow reclining and wiggling, and Alice Faye reclining
and wiggling and singing, Myrna Loy being calm and wise, William Powell
in his stuning urbanity, Elizabeth Taylor blossoming, yes, to you
and all you others, the great, the near-great, the featured, the extras
who pass quickly and return in dreams saying you one or two lines,
my love!

Long may you illumine space with your marvelous appearances, delays
and ennunciations, and may the money of the world glittering cover you
as you rest after a long day under the kleigh lights with your faces
in packs for our edification, the way the clouds come often at night
but the heavens operate on the star system. It is a divine precedent
you perpetuate! Roll on, reels of celluloid, as the great earth rolls on!


オハラは、1966年に40歳で亡くなっています。ハリウッド・ニュー・シネマが登場する直前。
確かに、ハリウッド大作路線は、破綻していました。
この詩は、1957年のものですが。
ロックン・ロールの誕生直後というわけです。

あえて余計な感想を少し、検討外れを承知の上で、ですが。

To the film industry in crisis というタイトルとその内容です。ハリウッド映画というのは、スタジオ、つまり、ワーナーとかMGMが作っていたわけで、映画産業の危機を憂えているというのはどういうことか。

オハラは、娯楽映画の主演俳優たちを実名を挙げて讃えています。どの作品をさすかもかなり明確です。

1950年代、ハリウッドにはいわゆるマッカーシーによる赤狩り旋風が起こったわけです。1957年はマッカーシーが亡くなった年ですが、いわゆる赤狩りの対象となった人たちの名前は一切ないのですね。
これをどうとらえるのか。

時代は、ロックン・ロールへと変わるのですね。赤狩りの時代に、アフロ・アメリカンのまねをして歌いだす白人の若者が登場するというのは、「大人」の社会には脅威だったのでしょう。

白人といいますが、現実には、WASPとそうでない人、特にカトリック系、ユダヤ系の人たちについては、差別があったわけで、ハリウッドでイギリス風の名前を名乗っていた人たちの多くが、実際にはイギリス系ではなかったのですけれど。
by nk24mdwst | 2008-02-19 09:59 | Poetry


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